It is a specialized visual examination of the cervix, vagina and vulva surface. It allows us to identify invisible alterations to the eye, and to take samples of the altered tissue. In this way, we can determine cancer in its early stages or cell modifications caused by the human papillomavirus, and monitor it.
Can I have a colposcopy while pregnant?
You should always inform the doctor if you are pregnant or if you suspect you are. If it is the case, the colposcopy includes only a visual examination and the biopsy will be postponed at 6-8 weeks after delivery or caesarean section.
Who should have a colposcopy?
1. Women with abnormal or atypical pap smear.
2. When the viral classification is positive for high-risk HPV.
3. Abnormal bleeding.
4. Postcoital bleeding.
5. Women who have received conservative treatment of the cervix.
6. The control of preinvasive lesions in pregnant women until the end of the pregnancy, when the treatment can be performed.
7. It can always be done whenever there is a suspicion of cervical pathology, and even in those occasions in which the woman wants to perform it just to be sure about it.